Nasal spray is a medication used to relieve symptoms of […]
Nasal spray is a medication used to relieve symptoms of colds and allergies, such as runny nose, congestion, and sneezing. They can be bought over-the-counter (OTC) or by prescription from a health care provider. They work by delivering medicine directly into the nose, which helps reduce swelling and get rid of congestion.
Some nasal sprays contain steroid medicines, while others are antihistamine or decongestant. Some people also use saline nasal sprays, which don’t contain medication but help flush out mucus and soothe the nose. Saline nasal sprays can be helpful in relieving a stuffy nose due to hay fever or other allergies, but they shouldn’t be used for more than a few days at a time.
If you are using a steroid nasal spray, you need to use it regularly and consistently, so that it can work well for you. It’s best to start using it before you think your hay fever will start, or at least 1 to 2 weeks before your symptoms start. If your steroid nasal spray doesn’t work, talk to your doctor or pharmacist about a different treatment option.
Cromolyn sodium (NasalCrom) – This spray is used to prevent and treat nasal allergy symptoms, such as sneezing, itching of the nose, and runny or stuffy nose. It works by blocking the chemical histamine, which triggers allergic reactions. It’s a good option for patients with mild to moderate allergy symptoms. It’s available as an over-the-counter product, although you need a prescription for it if you have asthma.
Antihistamine nasal sprays – These are a great option for people who have a history of having a runny nose and itching. They can be effective at treating both allergic and nonallergic rhinitis. Some of them are also a good choice for people who have a history of having an allergic reaction to certain foods or medicines, because they block histamine and other chemicals.
Decongestant nasal sprays – These are a popular OTC option for people who have a stuffy nose. They temporarily shrink blood vessels in the nose, reducing the size of the vessels and decreasing the amount of fluid that accumulates. They’re commonly used by people with a cold or the flu.
They can also be used to treat other conditions such as osteoporosis in women after menopause. They’re safe to use by anyone, but some people may need to use them with caution if they have a heart condition or are pregnant.
Before you begin using a nasal spray, be sure to read the label carefully and follow the instructions on the bottle. It’s also important to remember to use it properly so that it can deliver the right dose of medication into your nose.
To start, hold the bottle with your thumb at the bottom and the first two fingers at the top on either side of the nozzle. Then squirt the spray into the air a few times until a fine mist comes out.
You can then insert the nozzle tip straight into one nostril. Close the other nostril and breathe in deeply through it. Repeat the process for each nostril.
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